How Do We Protect Ourselves Against Unpredictable Market Meltdowns?

However, we have to say momentum is up because the Forex pair has been clawing back losses since the .6207 main bottom from August 2015. The market is also trading on the strong side of a major retracement zone at .6863 and .6398. Asian shares extended gains to eight-month highs, on track for a solid weekly rise, as better-than-expected economic data from China lifted risk sentiment that was already buoyant forexee after record highs on Wall Street. The U.S. dollar extended its gains and scaled a three-week high against the yen. More than $11 billion of transactions were announced globally in July as crude’s recovery fueled hopes of a steadier market, Wood Mackenzie Ltd. said. That’s the highest monthly total this year and brings the amount since May to $32 billion, triple that of the previous three months.

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Uncertainty about hike in interest rates in the US and movement of dollar index can give further direction to Gold price movement, according to SMC Global. Over the last twelve months, almost one trillion dollars left emerging markets to seek refuge in the U.S., according to NN Investment Partners. In October, the Fed kept its benchmark interest rate unchanged as expected, but it also surprised investors by making a direct reference to its next meeting in its statement. The statement was perceived by investors as “hawkish” because it opened the door for a possible rate hike before the end of the year.

Complete guide: How to learn to trade the forex market

The following points must be remembered in a quote like the above.What is quoted is the price of the base currency in units of the quoting currency. Irrespective of the quotation style, what is quoted is always the price of the base currency in quoting currency. Most of the dealers are banks and thus it is also commonly referred to as the interbank market. In case of AUD and NZD, the exception was due to the colonial past.

We shall try to solve this problem by take two positions – in one we would be selling EUR and in another we would be buying EUR. In the interdealer market the participants are dealers – i.e. they buy and sell currencies. The buy-sell price of the dealer is also called as bid-offer (or bid-ask price in the US market). The two-way quote enable the dealers to buy and sell currencies simultaneously. As discussed earlier, in a forex deal, both the currencies are bought and sold simultaneously. The main difference between the numeraire rates and cross rates is that the price of the numeraire currency is determined by demand and supply, while the price of the cross rate is determined by arbitrage arithmetic.

  • Previous day price created a imbalance in market.We can see that titan is very bullish from days.
  • The EUR/GBP pair had a very volatile week, falling all the way towards the 0.70 level.
  • Traders may be reluctant to take a position in either direction until they know what the cartel is going to do about its excess production.

3 One of the currency in the cross rate is base currency and the other is quoting currency in their source rates, and base currency of cross rate is the base currency in its source rate. The way to calculate this quickly, is to arrange the quotes in the following manner and use the cross rate arithmetic. Now, the way to solve this problem is to think that the dealer would offer the cross rate on the basis of hedging or covering.

Settlement in forex consists of transfering the traded currencies by both the counterparties. This is done by debiting and crediting the nostro accounts maintained with corresponding banks. If one of the currency is a local currency, it is settled in the local clearing.

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This is one classic example of how a perceived low risk trade transformed into a fearsome black swan due to an unexpected policy decision. At the end of the swap term, there shall be no principal re-exchange because it was not exchanged at the inception. In MtM of currency swaps, the usual practice is to keep the base currency amount constant during swap term and vary the quoting currency amount, because this is how the spot forex price is quoted.

The light sweet crude market initially tried to rally during the course of the week, but found enough resistance at the $48 level to turn back around and form a rather negative candle. With this being the case, the market looks as if it is ready to continue to go back and forth, and as a result it is only a matter of time before we have to make some type of impulsive move. We think that the market is probably going to try to reach down towards the $40 level, with the US dollar strengthening the way it has been.

On the other hand, the $16 level been broken to the downside could drop this market down to the $15 handle. On a bounce, we could very well find yourselves going to the $18 handle. The trend is not likely to turn up, but we could see a shift in momentum to the upside if a closing price reversal bottom forms. An attempt to stabilize the EUR/GBP the Head-to-head: Technical Analysis vs. Fundamental Analysis in Trading last week in June proved to be futile as the Forex pair continued to nudge higher, setting up for a possible extension of the rally in July. The second attempt to breakout to the upside is being fueled by dovish comments from Bank of England chief Mark Carney, who warned that the central bank could enact further monetary easing as soon as August.

Buyers are likely to support the market on dips because the drop in the rig count could lead to further cuts in U.S. production. As a trader, this month you’ll have to be flexible 6 Key Benefits Of Outsourcing Your Software Development enough to trade both sides. You’ll also have to take small losses if wrong especially if caught on the short-side because it looks like there is more room to run.

What The Hell Happened In Switzerland Last Week?

Forecast for next week could imply that Turkish Lira and Turkish shares market should bounce back close to their previous levels as Erdogan’s regime succeed to get power over the coup attempt. Inventories stand 12% above the five-year average for this time of year, a much smaller surplus compared with several months ago. That improving balance has been the driving force behind gas-price gains in the spring and summer that keep it hovering near one-year highs, said Peter Donovan, broker for Liquidity Energy in New York.

With that being the case, we are bullish and not interested in selling at this moment in time. The USD/CAD pair initially fell during the course the week but found enough support near the 1.30 level to turn things back around and form a nice-looking hammer. Will we find interesting about this market is that the Federal Reserve has stayed on the sidelines as far as interest-rate hikes are concerned, and with that it makes sense that the US dollar would fall. However, we turned around completely and formed a massive hammer at what should have been support. With that, we believe that this market is going to continue the uptrend, and with that we are bullish. The AUD/USD pair rose during the course of the week, as we continue to see a bit of support near the 0.70 level.

The EUR/JPY pair initially tried to rally during the course of the week but found enough resistance above the 115 level in order to find sellers. We ended up turning things back around to form a relatively negative candle, and as a result of the query we continue to grind back and forth. If we do break down below the 114 level though, I feel that the market will reach down towards the 111 level.

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Traders may be reluctant to take a position in either direction until they know what the cartel is going to do about its excess production. Energy Information Agency, supply is expected to peak at 3.956 this November, but some traders and analysts believe the total could top 4 trillion. We’ll be going into the month with the market sitting at its lowest level since 2012. Currently, total natural gas storage sits at 3.877 trillion cubic feet.

Forex Forum India Statistics

The initial reaction from commodities market was a muted one with only a small knee jerk reaction in the market. Concerns that demand for non-interest-paying bullion will take a hit from the rate hike continue to cast a shadow, and will likely limit any rally in gold. Dollar against the Japanese Yen, since traders viewed it as an indication that the central bank may be less likely to ease monetary policy further. The direction of the EUR/GBP in January will be determined by whether the upside momentum continues. Watch the price action and read the order flow at $36.58 this month. Trader reaction to this angle will tell us if the buyers or sellers are in control.

We are below the $44 level now, and as a result it’s likely that the market should reach towards the $40 level. That’s an area that I believe will offer support, so we could get a bit of a bounce as we grind down there. However, it’s probably be easier to do this on the daily chart, or perhaps even shorter-term charts. The GBP/USD pair initially fell during the course of the week, but found the 1.55 level to be far too supportive to continue to fall from here. That being the case, the market looks like by rising the buyers stepped back into the marketplace and asserted their control.

FX Platforms Jun 15 vols: EBS and FastMatch spot show decent gains, whilst Reuters spot hit low for 2015

Ultimately, it is probably only a matter of time before we see the breakout and continue to go higher. Every time we pullback it should be a buying opportunity and we think that the market will probably try to reach the 1.25 level next. Yes, the 1.20 level will be resistive and psychologically significant, but as far as actual clusters on the chart are concerned, we don’t have any reason to think that the 1.20 level will be of significance.

In this case, India would have to ship out gold to USA to the extend of the deficit. This, in turn, will reduce imports but may help exports as prices would be cheap. The increase in exports coupled with reduced imports may result in trade surplus. The increase in Gold will led to increase in money supply , causing inflation.

Because of this, we are not willing to take a longer-term approach at this market quite yet, and with that being the case we will look to shorter-term charts for trading opportunities. Although the candle is very positive looking, when you look at it in the totality of the trend, it doesn’t really mean much yet. The AUD/USD pair fell initially during the course of the day on Tuesday, but found enough support to turn things back around and form a hammer. The hammer of course is a bullish sign, so we can break above the top of it it’s likely that we will continue to go higher. However, I see a massive amount of resistance near the 0.73 level, and of course the 200 day exponential moving average.

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Each of the participants plays its own role in the market providing the latter’s wholeness and stability. But the Forex market liquidity can change during the day, depending How to Use an Economic Calendar on which time zone banks are operating at the moment . For example, the pairs with the Japanese yen will be the most liquid during the working time of Japanese banks.

Usually there are no problems when trading on Forex, and there is more than enough liquidity. However, there are times, for example during the release of important news, when there are gaps due to strong price changes over very short periods of time. Forex is a decentralized global market where all the world’s currencies are traded against each other, and traders make a profit or loss from the currencies’ value changes. Forex Market is also known as Foreign Exchange Market, FX or Currency Trading Market. Details of other major stock markets have also been incorporated. Although there are provisions for early trading, US Stock Market open time like dow jones, nasdaq and nyse opening time always refers to the beginning of normal hours or 9.30 AM on all working days.

As the rupee continues tumbling, what does it mean for stock markets?

India now has surpassed Russia (604.8 billion) to be in fourth position. Dollar outflow from overseas remittances and foreign travels have fallen steeply. FCA are assets that are valued based on a currency other than the country’s own currency. Features only possible in digital – start reading right away, carry your library with you, adjust the font, create shareable notes and highlights, and more.

What time of day are stock prices highest?

The market should rise the most during the first two hours of the trading day after the opening, which is from 9:30 a.m. until 11:30 a.m. EST for the NYSE. The New York Stock Exchange's bell rings at the open and close of each trading session.

Importing Intraday IEOD data from Metatrader to Amibroker is one of the requirement from most of the amibroker software users to import and analyse… The client shall be bound by circulars issued by BSE’s Rules, Regulations and Notices/circulars issued there under by SEBI and relevant notifications of Government authorities as may be in force from time to time. The Reserve Bank of India, which has taken a series of measures to support the battered rupee, said on Monday it will continue to manage money market liquidity in order to balance financial stability, growth and inflation. Please do not share your online trading password with anyone as this could weaken the security of your account and lead to unauthorized trades or losses.

Know in detail about the Foreign Direct Investment – FDI on the linked page.The sharp jump in reserves started with the Finance Ministry’s announcement in 2019, cutting corporate tax rates. Countries with a floating exchange rate system use forex reserves to keep the value of their currency lower than the US Dollar. ‘Forex reserves’ is an important term in economics and its understanding is necessary to understand how an economy functions with respect to international trade and commerce. In this article, we give you a brief about forex reserves for the Civil Services Exam.

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The amount of dollars purchased in the month by the central bank was the highest at USD 9.348 billion in the reporting month, RBI monthly data showed. No need to issue cheques by investors while subscribing to IPO. Just write the bank account number and sign in the application form to authorise your bank to make payment in case of allotment.

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“They are facing a rapid tightening of external financial conditions, capital outflows, currency depreciations and reserve losses simultaneously. Some of them are also facing mounting burdens of debt and default,” the governor said. Thereafter non-compliant fxcm canada review trading accounts will be blocked for trading by the Exchange. The Quality Score is based on company’s financial and management quality and long term performance. Quality scores above 55 are considered good and below 35 are considered bad .

Purpose of keeping foreign exchange reserves

The demat account shall be unfreezed once the investor submits the deficient KYC details and the same is captured by the depository participant in the depository system. Fruitful swing trading depends on the translation of the length and term of each swing, as these characterize significant help and obstruction levels. Also, swing traders should distinguish patterns where the markets experience expanding levels of gracefully or interest. xtrader Traders likewise consider if energy is expanding or diminishing inside each swing while at the same time observing trades. Currency fates were first presented in Quite a while in 2008, trailed by choices in 2010. Today, the derivatives section of the National Stock Exchange offers trading administrations in subsidiary instruments like currency prospects on four currency sets, cross-currency fates and alternatives on three currency sets.

Wall Street extended its winning streak on Monday, rallying to a sharply higher close as investors awaited crucial inflation data that could provide clues about the duration and severity of the Federal Reserve’s tightening policy. Check your Securities /MF/ Bonds in the consolidated account statement issued by NSDL/CDSL every month. Update your mobile number & email Id with your stock broker/depository participant and receive OTP directly from depository on your email id and/or mobile number to create pledge. One of the popular strategies used by traders is price action strategy and depends on the bulls/bear of the price action.

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The modus operandi observed is that once a client pays amount to them, huge profits are shown in his account online inducing more investment. However, they stop responding when client demands return of amount invested and profit earned. The author is a Certified Financial Planner with 5 years experience in Investment Advisory and Financial Planning. Her strength lies in simplifying complex financial concepts with real life stories and analogies. Her goal is to make common retail investors financially smart and independent.

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This is because there is just a need to examine graphs at their opening and shutting times. Multi-billion dollar national banks are the largest market participants, multinational companies and hedge funds. Their monetary policy and trading decisions create the biggest fluctuations and push prices the most out of balance. There are medium-sized companies such as private investors and companies in need of hedging and private banks.

The company also provides its services abroad, particularly in South Asia and across Africa in the fields of dam and reservoir engineering, irrigation and flood control. WAPCOS provides consultancy, and engineering, procurement and construction services in the field of water, power and infrastructure sectors. As on 31 August, the total number of companies that are in the process of getting struck off from the register has touched 40,942, the ministry said in its latest monthly newsletter.

India’s largest manufacturer of precision bearing cages company has delivered a stellar return to its investors despite weakness on Dalal Street in the last four straight sessions. The forex kitty gains were mainly supported by robust capital inflows and the rupee’s weakening reversal to sharp gains from 80 per dollar to below 79. That marks the highest FX reserves in three weeks and snaps a four-week falling trend. Then there is swing trading which alludes to trading the two sides on the developments of any monetary market. Swing traders expect to ‘purchase’ security when they suspect that the market will rise.

Which day of week is best to buy stocks?

Best Day of the Week to Sell Stocks

If Monday may be the best day of the week to buy stocks, then Friday may be the best day to sell stock—before prices dip on Monday.

This is in addition to 2,455 companies that have so far obtained ‘dormant’ status. It has already invested over USD 250 million in several Indian assets over the past five years. Gateway Partners is planning to invest over USD 1 billion in the next five to 10 years in the booming Indian economy, according to a top company official. While global growth this year was still expected at 3.0%, it is now projected to slow to 2.2% in 2023, revised down from a forecast in June of 2.8%, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development said. Italian shares jumped nearly 1% after the right-wing coalition led by Georgia Meloni looked set to win the country’s general election.

  • The forex map displays all four forex trading sessions and when they overlap.
  • The US and Chinese officials are restarting negotiations in Shanghai on Tuesday in an effort to resolve the year-long trade dispute.
  • Adani Ports shed 6%, while Tata Motors, Hindalco and Maruti lost more than 5%.
  • Investors may please refer to the Exchange’s Frequently Asked Questions issued vide circular reference NSE/INSP/45191 dated July 31, 2020 and NSE/INSP/45534 dated August 31, 2020 and other guidelines issued from time to time in this regard.
  • Japanese stocks closed lower on Monday as investors returned from a long weekend to markets that were dented by Japanese authorities’ currency intervention, the collapse of the British pound, and heightened recession fears.

However, details of the buyers and sellers were not known. The stock was trading at Rs 594 on BSE, up 2.5% from its previous close. “KYC is one time exercise while dealing in securities markets – once KYC is done through a SEBI registered intermediary (broker, DP, Mutual Fund etc.), you need not undergo the same process again when you approach another intermediary.” KYC is one time exercise while dealing in securities markets – once KYC is done through a SEBI registered intermediary (broker, DP, Mutual Fund etc.), you need not undergo the same process again when you approach another intermediary.

Forex trading essence can be explained like this – the value of a currency is measured by how much another currency can be bought with one unit of it. You buy currency at the ask price, and when you sell it, at the ask price. The Exchange may alter/change any of the above holidays, for which a separate circular shall be issued in advance. Bombay stock exchange is one of the premier stock exchanges operating in India, listing more than 6000 companies. It is the oldest stock exchange established in the continent of Asia. It is the third biggest stock exchange in the entire world.

Custom High Low Indicator MT4 MT5

It can be found on the MT4 platform by going to the ‘navigator’ window and clicking on ‘scripts’. Trading foreign exchange on margin carries a high level of risk, and may not be suitable for all investors. Before deciding to trade foreign Axiory Forex Broker exchange you should carefully consider your investment objectives, level of experience, and risk appetite. You could sustain a loss of some or all of your initial investment and should not invest money that you cannot afford to lose.

It’s simpler than anything else, and it is easy to set a stop loss. This MT4 indicator is especially recommended for those who use such a breakout strategy. “Today High Low” displays the high and low prices on the chart as shown in the image below.

Just like it is the case with other Forex analysis tools, using the only high low indicator can be misleading and lead to wrong conclusions. On the charts, this indicator is represented with two horizontal lines. Using the MT4 high low indicator might be helpful in several ways.

high low indicator mt4

Having proper risk management is a crucial thing in your trading. People tend to look for the best trading strategies online but if you don’t have great risk management, you are never going to make it. Fix bullet line drawing bug when you turn of recent high/low lines.

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This website is for educational and informational purposes only and should not be considered a solicitation to buy or sell a futures contract or make any other type of investment decision. It’s not recommended to use any single indicator as sole evaluation criteria. The companies and services listed on this website are not to be considered a recommendation and it is the reader’s responsibility to evaluate any product, service, or company. Patternsmart is not responsible for the accuracy or content of any product, service or company linked to on this website. These free MT4 and MT5 high low indicators can save you a ton of time trawling through numbers and marking different time frames. There are a huge number of indicators you can find and use to your advantage inside the MetaTrader trading platform.

  • You can download your MetaTrader 4 indicators and add-ons directly from within the MT4 platform through the marketplace.
  • When placing a trade, it is a good idea to put the profit target / stop loss orders at the high and low prices of the day before.
  • While using the indicator if you found any bugs or the lines draw incorrectly please report it directly to me by leaving a comment or message me directly.
  • It’s recommended to use the swing high and low breakout forex indicator together with a trend following indicator or with price action to increase the number of winning trades.

But while waiting for other coders to code, you can use these indicators. Recent High/Low Alert indicator for notifications about local min/max breakouts. The recent high / low alert MT4 and MT5 indicator by EarnForex shows two different bands. The minimum period you can use to calculate high and low is one day. Drag and drop the indicators you want to install inside the indicators folder. This can be done through copy and paste or dragging straight into this location.

The high and low of the day indicator can be used for both short and long term analysis. A trader interested in observing large timeframes can take a weekly chart and draw monthly or yearly high and low lines. In fact, the potential support and resistance levels on those charts might be stronger than on hourly charts. If a particular cluster of support or resistance held out for many months or years, then it might be more difficult for the market to overcome that. Swing highs and lows can be used by traders to identify possible areas of support and resistance, which can then be used to determine optimal positions for stop-loss or profit target orders. Identifying the short term support and resistance level can be very helpful both for scalpers and day traders.

In the example below, one can see how the price reacts to the previous monthly high level. There is a Doji candle that touched the level only once and then upward impuls occurred. Traders can use Simple Moving Averages, which basically shows the average closing price of the number of trades.

Applying your indicator to the chart

In this article, we are going to show you 10 of our favorite indicators, their description and how they work. The information and publications are not meant to be, and do not constitute, financial, investment, trading, or other types of advice or recommendations supplied or endorsed by TradingView. Add option to add price label for bullet line, only works if bullet line extend right is not enable. Add config to draw out minor high/low within the recent high/low range. Previous high/low price now show where the price broke recent high/low with a pull back kinda like a break of structure line.

Each MetaTrader 4 add-on has a specific purpose, so you may want to combine a few of them to get the platform working how you want it to. We’ll also give you a range of free add-ons when you download MT4 from us. Any opinions, news, research, predictions, analyses, prices or other information contained on this website is provided as general market commentary and does not constitute investment advice. As you can see from the image, you can easily see the high and low prices for the previous day and for the current day.

This dailyhigh low indicator MT4 is really useful if you want to have yesterday’s high and low displayed on your chart. Hello Banzai, Please Is it Possible to have Toggle Buttons(On/Off) for these two indicators .Because your Concept of having toggle buttons is amazing. CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. Between 74-89% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs.

Swing traders mostly rely on technical analysis tools, such as indicators,… Moving the recent high and low every time a candle break out is a very tedious job. Plus, you cannot set an automatic alert system whenever price broke a recent high or low.

Fully customizable – You can adjust the period, colors, width, and font size according to your convenience. Many beginners might choose to stay away from some of the more complex methods of Forex analysis. Business Secrets from the Bible: Spiritual Success However, a high low indicator might be a good choice for them, since it is a very simple tool and therefore easy to digest and use. Needs to review the security of your connection before proceeding.

Previous High-Low Indicator

Because these levels are very commonly used by traders using technical analysis, this indicator will let you plot them as well as leaving a gap between the different periods. As a result, because of this very unexpected move, not only many traders, but also several brokerage companies suffered serious losses. There were also a number of people who lived outside Switzerland, who were attracted by SNB’s low rate policies and took out mortgages in Swiss Francs. After this sharp appreciation of Franc, those individuals have been hit hard, with their monthly payments rising considerably in terms of their domestic currencies.

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Reliable monitoring of your performance is a crucial part of your trading plan. This indicator automatically monitors results of your trades and shows them in different timeframes. The indicator works on all currency pairs and all timeframes including M1. Position size calculator tells you how many lots to trade based on entry and stop-loss level, risk tolerance, account size, account currency and price of the quote currency.

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The indicator tells you where to find major support and resistance levels. Within the swing high low indicator MT4, an ascending channel represents a price action that is contained between two upward-moving parallel lines. Many professional traders believe that the pair will most likely continue its long term appreciation, until the price breaks below this channel, which could be a sign of reversal. So how can a trader conduct analysis by how low an indicator is?

High, Low and Close of Previous Day, Week or Month by Alexandre Borela

Generally speaking, both price levels can be used for stop loss placements or to identify possible major breakout levels. In the example below, one can see how the price reacts to the previous weekly high level. That level acts as the resistance level and the price rejected it forming three soldiers bearish pattern. A weekly high and low indicator might be more suitable for 4-hour and daily charts. Finally monthly and yearly indicators can be used in conjunction with weekly charts.

As we said above, the Swing High Low Indicator is a forex indicator that highlight both slightest and major swing points of price action. That’s not just feature of this Core Spreads Forex Broker Introduction indicator; it is also the best for range trading and getting into trends very early. Breakout strategies are especially popular in many different trading strategies.

Session highs and lows are often support and resistance levels. The Highs/Lows can indicate potential support/resistance levels that help to speculate a reversal in advance. Moreover, higher highs and higher lows indicate an uptrend, while lower lows and lower highs indicator a downtrend in the market.

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The French at the other end had 700 soldiers to defend their Fort d’Orleans. Nonetheless, in a single day’s fighting, the French lost about 200 men killed or wounded. Clive sent an ultimatum to Manikchand, who had been entrusted Fort William and Alinagar . However, the latter did not pay any heed to Clive’s warning.

Probably, they were quite awestruck at the military prowess of the EIC and the leadership ability of Clive that they were unsure if they attacked Siraj, then EIC might come to his rescue invoking the Treaty of Alinagar. They were perhaps circumspect of the reaction of the Bengal nobility close to Alivardi if Siraj was displaced in a coup led by them. Let Clive and EIC be the contract killers and let Jafar and his sidekicks Yar Latif Khan, Raja Rai Durlabh Ram enjoy the booty. It was only another European contingent which could have taken on the EIC. Especially the French, since they had shown their military muscle in 1746 in the battle of Adyar by defeating the Mughal governor’s son Mahfuz Khan and the latter’s 10,000 strong force. However, Siraj appeared stern and not to give up so easily.

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Clive’s force was effectively surrounded and pinned against the river. His survival and success depended upon the treachery of Mir Jafar Khan and the other Indian commanders. EIC’s official historian of the period, Robert Orme has estimated that Siraj’s army numbered about 35,000 to 40,000 infantry, armed mainly with matchlock guns, swords, pikes, rockets. Also, artillery consisted of 50 cannons, mostly 24 and 32 pounder field guns.


With Siraj leading his forces by example would have surely emboldened the spirits of his soldiers. And with St Frais and Mohanlal still fighting, though of low probability, yet there was a possibility of Sirajturning the tables against Clive. Interestingly, occasional explosions of ammunition amongst Siraj’s artillery wing were heard. Lack of efficiency of Siraj’s artillery was palpable.

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Major Eyre Coote, the hotheaded Queen’s officer of the 39th Foot, and a minority of the younger officers were for pressing ahead with the attack. Coote urged that a delay would enable Monsieur Law to join Siraj-ud-Daulah from Bhagalpur with his French troops, known to have been urgently summoned by Siraj-ud-Daulah. The presence of Monsieur Law’s force in the opposing army, in addition to strengthening it significantly, was likely to cause the many Frenchmen serving in the East India Company army to desert to their own side. The battle was between Siraj Ud Daulah, the last independent Nawab of Bengal, and the forces of the British East India Company. Siraj-ud-Daulah’s army commander had defected to the British, causing his army to collapse.

Growing French influence

Moreover, casualties went down considerably for EIC since they took positions behind the embankments. Seven of them were against immediate military action and only two were in favour. So, total seven officers were in favour of taking on Siraj at Plassey, Void vs. Voidable Contract Lawyers whereas the majority wanted to back out. Amongst the junior ranks, Eyre Coote was most vocal as he reasoned that any delay might dampen the spirits of the soldiers since they had already captured the Fort of Katwa, and consequently should move on.

As a reaction and true to his character, Clive decided to retaliate in a night attack against Siraj. Clive took about 500 sailors from Watson in order to carry the ammunition and draw the artillery guns. About 4 am on the 5th of February 1757, Clive and his troops were marching towards Siraj’s camp at the outskirts of north Calcutta.Clive’s men reached the centre of Siraj’s camp after a brief resistance by the latter’s forces. By 11 am on that day, Clive after having lost about 150 soldiers returned to Fort William a despondent man.Since there was thick fog on that day Clive’s forces were unsure of hitting their target. The French troops with 4 cannon occupied the mound around the larger tank, about half a mile from the English army.

In this enterprise, Jafar was not the sole mastermind. The Oswal merchants from Rajasthan, the so-called JagatSeths or the ‘Bankers of Bengal’Mahtab Rai and Swaroop Chand spearheaded the ‘revolution’ insofar as idea, planning and finances were concerned. A diplomatic blunder of slapping Mahtab Rai and threatening him of circumcision in open court by SirajudDaula sparked the outrage. The last point was a personal demand of Siraj, which was duly complied with by the EIC since Drake was already unpopular and was utterly inefficient in defending the EIC settlements in 1756 against Siraj’s attack.

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The heavy ammunition could not be easily carried with the guns in sufficient quantity for a battle. Siraj-ud-Daulah’s gunners attempted to deal with these various problems by carrying the guns on enormous wooden trucks towed by oxen and pushed by elephants. It was decided to continue with the artillery firing till the evening and attempt to attack Siraj’s camp at midnight, utilizing the element of surprise and speed at which Clive was such an expert. On 02 January 1757, Clive and Watson’s forces reached Fort William. Manikchand relinquished his position after a brief skirmish. The very next day, Clive declared war on Siraj in the name of the EIC.Watson too did the same in the name of the Crown.

  • The Oswal merchants from Rajasthan, the so-called JagatSeths or the ‘Bankers of Bengal’Mahtab Rai and Swaroop Chand spearheaded the ‘revolution’ insofar as idea, planning and finances were concerned.
  • Clive’s army suffered casualties of 23 dead and 49 wounded.
  • They produced tarpaulins and covered the artillery ammunition to keep it dry.
  • William Hawkins captained the ship HECTOR and reached India at the largest of the Mughal ports – Surat.
  • The commanders were, from the hillock, Raja Durlabh Ram, Yar Lutf Khan, and, on the left, Mir Jafar Khan, the principal traitor.

The Indian line was enveloped in a cloud of powder smoke. The English guns returned the fire and inflicted considerable damage on Siraj-ud-Daulah’s troops. In spite of the large number of guns, it seems likely that Siraj-ud-Daulah’s artillery was of little assistance to his army. They seem to have inflicted few casualties on Clive’s army. On the battlefield, a ball from a 32 pounder gun would do little more damage than one from a 6 pounder.

800 yards to the east of the redoubt stood a hillock covered with jungle. Between the two armies, and nearer to the mango grove occupied by Clive’s force, was a tank or pond and beyond it a larger tank, both surrounded by high mounds of earth. After the Council of War, a further letter reached Clive from Mir Jafar Khan, confirming that in the event of battle he would join the English against Siraj-ud-Daulah. Clive immediately changed his mind and the army marched.

Plassey: Beginning of an Empire?

It was resolved to continue the battle until nightfall and then attack Siraj-ud-Daulah’s camp. They dug embrasures in the mango grove mound for their guns to fire through, while Siraj-ud-Daulah’s cannon caused havoc only among the mango trees, firing over the heads of the English soldiers concealed behind the mound. Clive watched the deployment of Siraj-ud-Daulah’s troops from the roof of the Plassey hunting lodge. As Mir Jafar Khan’s troops extended around the mango grove, outflanking his troops and finally threatening their rear, he must have wondered what would happen if the traitors betrayed him instead of their Nawab. At daybreak on 23rd June 1757, Siraj-ud-Daulah’s army marched out of the Plassey encampment and took up battle positions in a rough quarter circle around the English army. The Company’s troops could hear distant military music.

After this defeat, the entire province of Bengal passed to the Company, and this battle is today seen as one of the pivotal battles leading to the British Empire in India. I never had a problem with them and I am trading with them for can you trade forex without leverage more then ten years. Admirals broker have the best customer care,,they are always ready when you need any clarification,, am looking forward to trade with you. The three traitorous generals then started retreating from the battlefield. Such a sight created confusion amongst the remaining rank and file of Siraj’s forces. Mohan Lal and St Fraishowever continued the fight, but it was already a lost battle.

Large casualties could have been expected from the field gun firing of the EIC, yet overall the march of infantry of around 35,000 appears to be a ‘mowing down’ of around 3000 soldiers with only 2 field guns. Soon he was surprised to find a cannon ball hit his stomach and his elite 5,000 Afghan cavalry face a barrage of cannon balls and array of bullets from the musket wielding infantry of the Company. The rest of Siraj-ud-Daulah’s army formed in a crescent facing the river, from the jungle covered hillock round to a point behind the mango grove. The commanders were, from the hillock, Raja Durlabh Ram, Yar Lutf Khan, and, on the left, Mir Jafar Khan, the principal traitor. The numbers in this crescent line were 45,000 infantry and cavalry with numerous guns.

Between the larger tank and the river were 2 heavy guns manned by Indian gunners. Behind these guns stood Mir Madan Khan, described as Siraj-ud-Daulah’s sole faithful commander, with 5,000 cavalry and 7,000 foot soldiers, all described as the pick of Siraj-ud-Daulah’s army. If Jafar and his men would have fought, there was a high chance that they could have outnumbered Clive’s forces, howsoever efficient and trained they were.

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The English captured horses, elephants, and all of the 53 guns brought against them. From then on, resistance by Siraj-ud-Daulah’s army ebbed away and, by 5pm the English were in possession of Siraj-ud-Daulah’s camp and the battle was over. The three treacherous generals began the withdrawal to the camp, the artillery leading the column. They were constrained in their treachery in that theirs was a personal contract with the English, while the rest of the army was generally still faithful to their Nawab, Siraj-ud-Daulah. Siraj-ud-Daulah sent for Mir Jafar Khan, threw his turban on the ground and begged Mir Jafar to protect him. Mir Jafar promised to defend him to the utmost, then rode back to his wing of the army and sent a letter to Clive informing him of the death of Mir Madan Khan and urging him to attack without delay.